Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be.

1. Canada’s north covers almost one third of the country and there are many mountains there.

2. There were many reasons why Ottawa (capital city of Canada) was chosen as the seat (местопребывание) of government.

7. Прочитайте и постарайтесь осознать содержание текста. Перепишите и переведите1, 3 и 4-й абзацы.

CANADA

Canada occupies the largest Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. part of the North American continent except Alaska. Its total land area of more than 9 million square kilometers makes it the second largest country in the world. The population is more than 31 million people. The capital of Canada is Ottawa.

Canada is a federation of 10 provinces and 2 northern territories. The Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. federal Parliament consists of the House of Commons (Палата общин) and the Senate. The leader of the party that has the majority in the House of Commons forms the government. The civil law follows English common law everywhere except Quebec, where it follows the Napoleonic Code.

Canada has become a Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. cultural mosaic in which immigrant groups retain much of their ethnic culture. There are two official languages in Canada: English and French. They have an equal status, rights and privileges in all governmental institutions. The culture of the English-speaking Canadian is a blend of British Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. and American influences; the culture of the French-speaking people blends French and American influences. In general, the way of life, family structure, cuisine (кухня), and dress are closer to those of the United States than to those of Britain or France.

Toronto is the capital of the province of Ontario and Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. the second city in Canada. Toronto is the Indian word for “meeting place”. The University of Toronto with its colleges is the largest in Canada and is famous for its high academic reputation.

Canada is the world leader in the production of asbestos, nickel and other metals Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. and chemicals. The country is among the world’s leading wheat producers and is second in its export.

8. Прочитайте текст снова и письменно ответьте на вопрос:

Whose traditions are closer to Canada: American, British or French?

Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в каждом из их глагол-сказуемое, обусловьте его видовременную Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. форму и залог. Переведите предложения.

1. He was one of the most prominent scientists and was working much.

2. During many years he headed the Committee, the staff of which was mainly composed of his pupils.

3. He will have studied this subject by next year.

4. Students were attracted to him not only because he Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. was an outstanding scientist but also because of his charming personality and gentle manner.

Перепишите предложения, подчеркните Participle I и Participle II и укажите, являются ли они определением либо обстоятельством. Переведите предложения.

1. We used connecting components to assemble this device.

2. They were happy working with equal skill Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. in every branch.

3. He was the first scientist in Russia introducing the microscope.

4. He was also one of the greatest Russian scientists who later became the first elected President of the Academy of Sciences.

Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в каждом из их модальный глагол либо его эквивалент. Переведите предложения.

1. He Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. may be called the founder of the practical geology.

2. He will be able to begin his scientific activity.

3. She had to work hard to teach at the Institute.

4. Everybody must know his work as it is very useful.

12. Прочитайте и постарайтесь осознать содержание текста. Перепишите и переведите 2-й Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. и 3-й абзацы.

LEONARDO DA VINCI

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (April 15, 1452 - May 2, 1519) was an Italian scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, painter, sculptor, architect, botanist, musician and writer. Leonardo has often been described as the archetype of the Renaissance man. He is widely considered to be one of the most talented Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. person ever to have lived.

Born the illegitimate son of a notary, Piero da Vinci, and a peasant woman, Caterina, at Vinci in the region of Florence, Leonardo was educated in the studio of the Florentine painter, Verrocchio. Much of his earlier working life was spent in Milan. He later Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. worked in Rome, Bologna and Venice and spent his last years in France, at the home awarded to him by Francis I.

Leonardo is known as a painter. Two of his works, the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, are the most famous, most reproduced and the most parodied Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. portrait and religious painting of all time, respectively, their fame approached only by Michelangelo’s Creation of Adam.

Leonardo’s drawing of the Vitruvian Man is also regarded as a cultural icon, being reproduced on everything from the Euro to textbooks to t-shirts. Perhaps fifteen of his paintings Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. survive the small number due to his constant, and frequently disastrous, experimentation with new techniques. Nevertheless, these few works, together with his notebooks, which contain drawing, scientific diagrams, and his thoughts on the nature of painting, comprise a contribution to later generations of artists only rivaled by that Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. of his contemporary, Michelangelo. He conceptualized a helicopter, a tank, concentrated solar power and a calculator.

13. Прочитайте текст ещё раз и письменно ответьте на вопрос:

How many Leonardo’s paintings are known nowadays?


Контрольная работа №2

Грамматика

1. Страдательный залог (The Passive Voice) видовременных форм Simple, Continuous, Perfect.

2. Синтаксические функции и значения слов Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be. it, that, one.

3. Функции глаголов to be, to have, to do.

4. Бессоюзное подчинение в определительных и дополнительных придаточных предложениях.

5. Обыкновенные неличные формы глагола. Инфинитив в функции:

а) подлежащего;

б) именной части сказуемого;

в) дополнения;

г) определения;

д) происшествия цели.

6. Сложные формы инфинитива (Active: Continuous, Perfect Infinitive; Passive: Simple, Continuous Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на конструкцию there be., Perfect Infinitive).

7. Обороты, равнозначные придаточным предложениям, объектный инфинитивный оборот, субъектный инфинитивный оборот.

8. Причастие (Participle I, II).

9. Независящий причастный оборот.

10. Условные предложения (Conditional Sentences)


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